What are trade unions?
Trade unions are types of voluntary organization of employees, for the purpose of protecting their rights and promoting their professional, economic and social interests in the relationship with the employer. Trade unions are non-governmental organizations which are independent from public authorities, political parties and employer organizations.
Legally established trade unions may associate according to business segments. Two or more trade unions from the same business segment may associate in order to constitute a trade union federation. Two or more trade union federations from different business segments may associate in order to constitute a trade union confederation. Trade union federations or confederations may constitute, from their component trade unions, territorial trade unions.
What are the attributions of trade unions?
In order to achieve the purpose for which they were established, trade unions have the right to use specific means, such as negotiations, litigation settlement procedures like conciliation, mediations, arbitration, petition, pickets, marches, mass meetings, demonstrations or strikes, in the conditions stipulated by the law.
Trade unions defend the rights of their members which arise from labor legislation, the status of civil servants, collective employment contracts and individual employment contracts, as well as those arising from agreements regarding the work relations of civil servants, before courts of law, jurisdictional bodies, other state institutions or authorities, through their own or elected defenders. In exercising these attributions, trade unions have the right perform any action stipulated by the law, including to issue a legal action on behalf of its members, based on a written power of attorney issued by the respective members.
For the purpose of defending the rights of their members and promoting their professional, economic and social interests, representative trade unions have the right to receive, from the employers or from the employers’ organizations, the information required to negotiate collective employment contracts or, as the case may be, collective agreements, in the conditions of the law. The decisions of the board of administration or other connected bodies regarding professional, economic and social issues must be notified in writing to the trade union within two business days from the date the session took place.
The members of the management bodies of the trade unions are guranteed legal protection against any types of conditioning, compelling or limitation in exercising their activity. The modification and/or termination of the individual employment contract of the members of trade unions due to their trade union membership and their trade union activity is prohibited.