Work as a Right
Work is a Right, not a Good
Work first became the topic a legal provision through the Versailles Treaty (1919), which established the League of Nations. It was in this context that work was defined as an official right and not as a good.
The main features that define work:
- Work is not an item for sale, nor a good.
- Both employers and employees have the right of association in order to pursuit all their legal purposes.
- Employees are to be paid with a salary that allows them to maintain a reasonable level of life quality, according to their country standards and their worked time.
- The 8 hour work day and the 48 hour work week must be the purpose to be reached wherever this has not been achieved yet.
- A weekly rest time of minimum 24 hour should be established; this should include Sunday every time this is possible.
- Child labor should be eradicated, while imposing the rule of limiting teenagers working time, regardless of sex, in order to allow them to continue their education and physical development.
- The principle of equal pay, regardless of sex, for work with an equal value should be applied.
- The norms established by each country for working conditions should ensure the equitable treatment of all the workers who are legal residents.
- Each state should establish a supervising department, which should comprise women too; this must ensure that provisions concerning workers’ protection are all applied.